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International Journal of

Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine




International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine





CORRECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF UTERINE PROLAPSE IN CROSSBRED COWS

L Ramsingh, K Murali Mohan and K Sadasiva Rao

Page No: 1-3

A total 8 cases of uterine prolapse of crossbred cows were corrected during the period of September 2012 at College of Veterinary Science, Teaching Veterinary Clinical Hospital, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Most of the Uterine Prolapsed was found immediately or within one 1 hour of calving. In this study 8 cases of uterine prolapse, replacement of everted organ of uterine proplase was done manually following proper precautionary measures. Among them all cases of uterine prolpase was completely recovered.

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INFLUENCE OF RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF GROUNDNUT IN BHAVNAGAR DISTRICT OF GUJARAT STATE

R S Parmar

Page No: 4-7

The district-wise average yield data of groundnut and daily rainfall data were used over a period of 38 years, i.e., from 1970-2008. Five broad approaches namely: (1) Aggregate rainfall, (2) Monthly rainfall, (3) Fortnightly rainfall, (4) Week-wise rainfall, and (5) Crop phase-wise rainfall were tried to study the influence of rainfall distribution on the productivity of groundnut. Comparison of different regression equations with respect to the coefficient of determination (R2) revealed that the equations, which considered weekly rainfall variables as a set of predictor variables exhibited the highest predictability (R2 values). The regression equation, using crop phase-wise approach suggested that Flowering and Peg initiation stage was the most critical phase for moisture requirement of groundnut.

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THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF REPEAT BREEDING IN BOVINES

L Ramsingh, K Sadasiva Rao and K Muralimohan

Page No: 8-10

In this study, 46 bovines 37 buffaloes, 9 cows were noted with history of cycling normally without any clinical abnormalities and returned to estrus even after three or more consecutive insemination. The animals were treated with Ciprofloxacin and Tinidazole combination after confirming as repeat breeders based on consistency and pH of vaginal discharges. The animals were inseminated on subsequent estrous. The conception rates were 71.2% and 85.2% respectively for buffaloes and cows.

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INFLUENCE OF SOWING DATES ON GROWTH, GRAIN AND ETHANOL YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF SWEET SORGHUM GENOTYPES

Sanjeevraddi G Reddi, A D Janawade and Y B Palled

Page No: 11-17

Field experiment was conducted for two years (rabi 2002 and 2003) in medium deep vertisols at Main Agricultural Research Station (MARS), University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad to study the production potential of sweet sorghum genotypes for grain and ethanol yield as influenced by management practices. The study indicated that the growth, grain yield and ethanol yield differed significantly both due to genotypes and dates of sowing. Among the genotypes SSV-84 and SSV-74 produced significantly higher grain yield over other tested genotypes. Genotype NSSH-1 recorded significantly higher ethanol yield (245.91 l ha–1) over rest of the genotypes. Sowing in 1st fortnight of October recorded significantly higher grain yield and ethanol yield compared to 2nd fortnight of September and October. The interaction effects were significant. Combination of SSV-84, NSSH-1 and SSV-74 with sowing at 1st fortnight of October produced significantly higher net return and B:C ratio.

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PROSPECTS OF INDIAN TEA INDUSTRY

Sarvesh Kumar Shah

Page No: 18-25

Tea is globally one of the most popular and lowest cost beverages, next only to water. The major tea producer countries are India, China, Kenya, Sri Lanka, Turkey and Viet Nam. Total tea production in world has exceeded over 4 billion kgs, where, India alone produce about one billion kg of tea and recognised as one of the leaders in world tea production. In India, tea is growing in 16 states, of which North-East India accounts for about 3/4th of total tea production. Tea exports from India during 2010-11 were estimated to 213.79 million kgs valued at Rs. 2995.79 crore. But, there is a stagnation position in tea export as the more and more competition from Kenyan and Sri Lankan tea, which are cheaper and at par in quality as of most of Indian tea. The potential of domestic market should be utilised to because India is the biggest consumer of tea, but per capita tea consumption in India is very low comparing to the other countries. Popularity of organic tea will also serve a tool to help Indian tea industry to come into the competition in International market.

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QUALITY, SUGAR AND ETHANOL YIELD RESPONSE OF SWEET SORGHUM GENOTYPES TO DIFFERENT DATES OF SOWING

Sanjeevraddi G Reddi, A D Janawade and Y B Palled

Page No: 26-34

Field experiment was conducted at Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad on medium deep Vertisol during rabi 2002 and 2003 to study the production potential of sweet sorghum genotypes for grain and ethanol production as influenced by management practices. The results revealed that quality characters such as brix, pol percentage and reducing sugar of juice were significantly higher in genotype NSSH-1. Sugar yield and ethanol yield were significantly higher in NSSH-1 over other genotypes. The brix, reducing sugar and ethanol yield were significantly higher when the crop was planted at 1st fortnight of October. The interaction effects were significant. Combination of NSSH-1 cultivar with 1st fortnight of October sowing (G4D2) recorded significantly higher ethanol yield (284.32 l ha–1) over rest of the treatment combinations.

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SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA IN A PULLET

Devarathnam J and Naveen M

Page No: 35-36

Subcutaneous emphysema which is a common clinical condition seen in birds is being reported along with its clinical management. Early treatment with a simple needle puncture and antibiotic treatment resulted in complete recovery of the bird.

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DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE AND ECONOMICALLY VIABLE GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR CAPSICUM IN PLAINS

P K Nagre

Page No: 37-41

An investigation was carried out to develop the sustainable, cost effective and economically viable greenhouse technology for capsicum in plains which comprised of eight treatment modules consisting of four different locally available soil media, i.e., sand, coir peat, smoked paddy husk and saw dust in one fourth proportion. The common media was the soil in half proportion and compost in one fourth proportion of total media, two irrigation regimes, plant nutrients status, fertigation with water soluble as well as straight fertilizers, use of mulch and variety Indra has been tried with three replications in Randomized Block Design in the Naturally ventilated polyhouse at NARP, Ganeshkhind, Pune during 2003-04 and 2004-2005. The seedlings were transplanted during November 2003 to ensure the off season production. The findings revealed that the Module 7, i.e., Soil: compost: sand as substrate, 20 k Pa irrigation regime, basal dose of 50 kg/ha NPK with straight fertilizers + fertigation @ 150:150:150 kg/ha NPK with straight fertilizers, black polythene mulch and variety Indra recorded significantly maximum number of fruits per plant (88.66), average fruit weight (72.48 g) and the fruit yield per plant (5.70 kg) was observed to be the best package for high yield and better quality.

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STUDIES ON THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT FACTORS ON THE PRODUCTIVE AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF JERSEY X SAHIWAL COWS

A Reddy Varaprasad, T Raghunandan, M Kishan Kumar and M Gnana Prakash

Page No: 42-45

The effect of most of the management and socio-economic attributes such as housing, family size and land holding had non-significant influence on the productive and reproductive traits studied. The overall least square means of age at sexual maturity and age at first calving were 20.30 ± 1.03 and 30.24 ± 1.02 months, respectively. The occupation did not influence the productive characters such as lactation milk yield and peak yield and productive characters like age at sexual maturity and age at first calving. The lactation milk yield and peak yield were significantly influenced by supplementation of mineral mixture. Cows which were housed in pucca houses had longer lactations (334.84 ± 8.79 d).

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DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE AND ECONOMICALLY VIABLE GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR TOMATO IN PLAINS

P K Nagre

Page No: 46-51

The production programme was implemented to develop the sustainable, cost effective and economically viable greenhouse technology for tomato in plains. The treatments comprised of eight modules consisting of four different locally available soil media, i.e., sand, coir peat, smoked paddy husk and saw dust in one fourth proportion. The common media was the soil in half proportion and compost in one fourth proportion of total media, two irrigation regimes, plant nutrients status, fertigation with water soluble as well as straight fertilizers, use of mulch and variety SH-7711 (indeterminate hybrid) has been tried with three replications in Randomized Block Design in the Naturally Ventilated Polyhouse at NARP, Ganeshkhind, Pune. The seedlings were transplanted during November 2003 and 2004 to ensure the off season production and their pooled data was presented. The findings revealed that, the Module 7, i.e., soil : compost : sand as substrate, 20 kPa irrigation regime, basal dose of 50 kg/ha NPK with straight fertilizers + fertigation @ 250:250:250 kg/ha NPK with straight fertilizers, black polythene mulch and variety SH-7711 recorded significantly maximum number of clusters per plant (17.89), number of fruits per cluster (6.44), number of fruits per plant (88.44) and the fruit yield per plant (6.70 kg) and therefore found to be best package for higher production of tomato in naturally ventilated green house.

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STUDIES ON THE REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF JERSEY X SAHIWAL COWS IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

A Reddy Varaprasad, T Raghunandan, M Kishan Kumar and M Gnana Prakash

Page No: 52-57

The effect of batch and season of birth was highly significant on age at sexual maturity. Cows born during rainy and winter seasons matured at significantly earlier age (750.18 ± 0.79 and 760.18 ± 0.18 days, respectively). The season of birth, batch and age at sexual maturity had non-significant influence on the gestation period. The overall mean gestation period was 276.89 ± 0.38 days. Age at first calving was significantly affected by season of birth, batch and age at sexual maturity. Lowest age at first calving (1092.46 ± 7.47) was observed in cows born in winter followed by those born in rainy (1134.88 ± 6.47) and summer (1173.95 ± 5.89) seasons. Mean age at first calving ranged from 911.60 ± 4.40 to 1378.37 ± 7.49 days in 1st and 4th groups, respectively. The calves with early sexual maturity (400 to 600 days) had the shortest age at first calving (911.60 ± 4.40 days).

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LIPOLYSIS OF MILK: A REVIEW

P R Ray, K Chatterjee, C Chakraborty and P K Ghatak

Page No: 58-74

Lipolysis is the process of hydrolysis of esters from emulsifies glycerides at an oil water interface. Bovine milk contains a lipoprotein lipase that accounts for most, if not all, of its lipolytic activity. Lipolysis results in production of Free Fatty Acid (FFA) and triglycerides which finally contribute to the flavour defects. The biochemical basis of spontaneous lipolysis is still poorly understood, but it appears to be related to a balance between activating and inhibiting factors in the milk. Lipolysis in milk and milk products causes rancid off-flavours and other problems, and is a constant concern in the dairy industry. A thorough understanding of the mechanism of lipolysis and constant vigilance by operatives is required to minimize lipase-related problems.

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NETWORK BASED KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN INDIAN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

U B Angadi and S S Patil

Page No: 75-81

The emergence of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the last two decades has opened new avenues in knowledge management that could play important roles in sharing, exchanging and disseminating knowledge in all fields. India possesses a valuable agricultural knowledge and expertise but is not in structured electronic form that can be easily accessed. ICT allows exploiting to a greater extent on the wealth of information and knowledge available for Agriculture. This paper describes demerits of existing knowledge dissemination system (Extension System), exploiting ICT for knowledge management in agriculture and documentation of indigenous and new technologies, and their effective dissemination. This is a basic idea to build existing knowledge to electronic form (text, images, map, animation, audio and video), to strengthen, improve and propel the farming community by using the wealth of information and knowledge, and to establish strong functional linkages and consortia between agricultural researchers, extension workers, farmers, industrialists and decision makers.

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